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Comparing Environmental Policies in Brazil and the U.S.

  Cross-border transactions from Brazilian e-commerce companies To overcome the issues outlined above, merchants must devote time and effort to ensuring that all cross-border obstacles are addressed. Merchants should ensure that their payment gateways can handle foreign transactions and examine the refund process.  Logistics-wise, merchants can employ a cross-docking strategy by selecting brokers to reduce the bureaucracy and logistics of export procedures, as well as exchange and return operations. Forming commercial agreements with important markets might help facilitate clearance.  At the same time, it will strive to assess the challenges faced by businesses existing in Brazil or expanding into global markets. These problems include suffocating bureaucratic procedures, high taxes and complex tax systems, poor distribution infrastructure, a scarcity of talent, political instability, and an unpredictable economic climate. Supplemented with case studies from Netshoes Group and B2W Digi

Technology changed American culture

 What stresses do American families face in our new society that is based on data and technology?

In the forty years since they were first invented, information and communication tools have changed how we work, how we learn and are taught, and how we reach our individual and group goals.
Technology use, access, and control have changed in ways that are hard to understand for parents, grandparents, kids, and other loved ones who are part of the modern family. Seeta Peña Gangadharan, Lisa Guernsey, and Greta Byrum write about the big trends in this blog. They help connect questions about technology with other social issues and set the stage for rethinking social policy through the view of the family. The piece is an excerpt from a new study on Family-Centered Social Policy from New America's program.

With the rise of the personal computer and the Internet, society has changed a lot. The family has also changed a lot, as it now faces big new threats and possibilities. The widespread use of information and communication technologies has sped up globalization, changed the way people worked in the 19th and 20th centuries, including the separation of work and leisure time, added new types of automation to all areas of public and private decision-making, and made it more important for Americans to be able to understand and sort through a constant flow of information in order to fully participate in work and community life. Everyday technologies like TV, video games, and smartphones have created habits that change how parents and kids connect with each other and with extended family, sometimes for the better and sometimes for the worse. Families with all kinds of incomes are affected by these changes, but the bad effects are worse for families who are already dealing with unemployment and cultural changes that make things less stable.

As the U.S. economy moved away from family businesses and old bureaucratic industrial models, digital skills and access to technology are becoming more and more important for getting even the most basic jobs. 80% of Fortune 500 companies, like McDonald's, Walmart, and Comcast, now only take job applications online. Pew Research Center says that 94 percent of jobholders in all types of businesses, from non-technical ones to big corporations and small companies in cities, towns, and everywhere in between use the Internet.

Families are under a lot of pressure and have a lot of opportunities because they depend on modern technologies more and more.

Families are under a lot of pressure and have a lot of opportunities because they depend on modern technologies more and more. Digitization, for instance, makes many families less safe with their money because it makes them more open to being watched and unfairly treated in the market. As an example of automatic prediction and targeting, credit unions and banks are using computer decision systems to lock people out of their cars who owe money on subprime loans. This can happen in the middle of their drive to work or school. Also, companies that make educational software now have products for end users, ranging from young students to people who want to keep learning, that are data-driven and change material based on how the user acts and what they can do. For younger students, that could mean educational material that puts them in a lower social class, which means the user shouldn't expect as much from the content. In other words, new technologies are creating new types of data-driven, automatic discrimination that go beyond the usual worries about narrow or niche targeting.

On the other hand, technology is making important links possible for families who live in different parts of the world to stay in touch and provide "remote care." According to the Bureau of Economic Assistance, people who were born outside of the United States sent $38 billion to families living abroad in 2009. This is something that would have been very hard to do before internet payments and information infrastructures. Families with members who live in different countries or who work from home use social media like Facebook and Skype to stay in touch with their children or elderly parents who live abroad, share family information, and avoid spending too much money.

A lot of researchers, lawmakers, opinion leaders, and journalists say that digital technologies can mess up personal relationships and send unwanted content. This worry is mostly about how new technologies might affect the health and happiness of kids and the stability and harmony of families. Childhood development experts worry that cell phones and PCs, which are now commonplace at the dinner table, keep parents from interacting with their kids in a healthy way and stop them from having positive, caring talks. In a study of caregivers and their smartphones at a fast-food restaurant, researchers saw that almost two-thirds of the people who took part were using their phones during meals. They talked and ate while looking at their phones, only taking them off for short periods of time to do other things.

Access to technologies that connect to the Internet "anytime, anywhere" has created a maze of pros and cons that families find hard to understand. Kids and teens today can send and receive friendly emails from their grandparents and "kick start" small investments in good causes thanks to technology. But this technology also exposes them to many harmful things and activities, such as violent video games, "sexting," pornography, cyberbullying, and other types of online harassment.

There are also big differences between families in how they use technology, whether it's just for fun or to improve their social lives and schooling.

New technologies have very different effects on people from different social, economic, and other backgrounds. For example, kids from low-income families watch TV and movies more than kids from wealthy families, and they're three times more likely to have a TV in their room. There are also big differences between families in how they use technology, whether it's just for fun or to improve their social lives and schooling. Parents from low-income families often have a hard time learning how to use technology, and they don't always have easy access to teachers, librarians, mentors, and other educated workers who can help.

Researchers are not likely to agree on whether digital technologies are good or bad for people, but they will continue to be an important part of families' life choices and possibilities. The many public institutions that no longer accept paper applications or other forms of contact mean that families have no choice but to use digital communication. More and more, public aid programs are "smart," which means that people who use them are more likely to talk to a computer-trained virtual assistant than a real person. As more and more learning is done on computers, caregivers also have to deal with digital tools in schools and other places. In short, technology is becoming the main way that people get together, do their schoolwork, shop, apply for jobs, book child care, talk to their teachers, read to their kids, share news about the neighborhood, and tell others about family events and problems.


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